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Technical Analysis – A Beginner’s Guide

Last Updated Date - Apr 08, 2023

Technical analysis is a famous technique used by traders and investors to assess the movement of financial instruments such as currencies or stocks by analyzing their price and volume data.

It uses historical pricing data to find patterns, trends, and possible trading opportunities.

The basic concept upon which technical analysis is built is that the market reflects all the instrument and economical information and the price movement tells you about the sentiment of the market participants.

Therefore if by using charts and other technical analysis tools you can decipher the market patterns and trends, then you will easily be able to find the entry and exit points.Technical Analysis

Technical Analysis Tools

Traders and analysts examine securities and look for potential trading opportunities using a variety of technical analysis methods. Here is the list of popular tools:


Charts, in general, are a graphical representation of any data. In the case of market data, the charts represent the price and volume of the security.

The most common charts used by technical analysts are bar charts, line charts, and candlestick charts. By looking at the patterns and spot trends, you determine the trading opportunities.

Moving Averages

Analysts resort to checking the moving averages of securities to understand the price of a security over a given time frame. They are the handiest tool for spotting the support and resistance levels.


Oscillators are indicators that display the power and momentum of price movements for security.

Some of the most used oscillators of the market are the Stochastic Oscillator, the Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) indicator, and the Relative Strength Index (RSI).

Support and Resistance Levels

Support and resistance levels indicate where traders expect an asset’s price will find support or face difficulty. A support level is a price level below which an asset’s price is projected to stop declining owing to greater buyer demand.

In contrast, a resistance level is a price level at which the price of an asset is projected to stop rising due to increased selling pressure from sellers. These levels are used by traders to determine possible entry and exit points for trading.

Bollinger Bands

Based on the standard deviation of an asset’s price fluctuations, Bollinger Bands are bands that display the upper and lower price levels of security. Bollinger Bands are used by traders to locate trading ranges and breakouts.

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    Types of Charts Used in Technical Analysis

    Technical analysis employs a variety of chart styles, each with its advantages and disadvantages. Some of the most typical varieties are listed below:

    Line Charts

    A line chart is a straightforward graph that displays the closing prices of a security over time. There is a line connecting each data point. Long-term trends may be displayed using line charts, but they don’t offer as much detail as other chart styles.

    Bar Charts

    A bar chart depicts the high, low, opening, and closing prices of securities over time.

    Each data point is represented by a vertical bar, with horizontal lines representing the opening and closing prices and the top and bottom of the bar representing the high and low prices.

    Bar charts are more useful than line charts for showing information and detecting price patterns.

    Candlestick Charts

    Candlestick charts employ different colours and shapes to depict a security’s opening, closing, high, and low values. They are similar to bar charts in that they provide price information.

    Bearish candlesticks are red or black, and they signify that the closing price was lower than the opening price. Bullish candlesticks are green or white, and they show that the closing price was higher than the opening price.

    In general, candlestick charts are better than bar charts at spotting price trends and can provide more data.

    Renko Charts

    Instead of using time to illustrate price fluctuations, Renko charts make use of bricks.

    A new brick is only added to the chart when the price changes by a set amount, and each brick represents a particular price movement, such as Rs.100 or Rs.200.

    Renko charts may be used by traders to spot trends and prospective trading opportunities by reducing noise.

    Point and Figure Charts

    On point and figure charts, price changes are shown as Xs and Os. Each X denotes a price increase, whereas each O denotes a price drop.

    For spotting long-term trends support and resistance levels, point and figure charts are helpful.

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    Types of Oscillators and Other Indicators

    Following are some of the most frequent technical indicators used in technical analysis:

    Oscillator Indicators

    • Relative Strength Index (RSI): The RSI indicates when an asset is overbought or oversold. Its range is 0 to 100; numbers above 70 indicate overbought securities, while those below 30 indicate oversold securities.
    • Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD): The MACD displays the connection between two moving averages. It can help traders identify likely pattern reversals.

    Other Indicators

    • Average Directional Index (ADX): The ADX is a tool for determining how strong a trend is. Values above 25 indicate a strong trend. It has a range of 0 to 100.
    • Ichimoku Cloud: The Ichimoku Cloud combines multiple indicators to provide information on trend direction, momentum, and support and resistance levels. Spotting long-term trends is especially helpful.

    How to Use Technical Analysis

    Here are some measures traders may take to ease into the usage of technical indicators and tools since it is not the simplest technique for beginners to track and analyze stocks:

    Choosing the security to analyze

    Traders must choose the security they wish to study initially. This might be a stock, a commodity, a currency, or any other tradeable item.

    Examine the price chart

    Traders should examine the price chart of the securities they wish to trade to see trends, levels of support and resistance, and prospective price patterns.

    To better comprehend the price changes of the asset, they can utilize a variety of charts and time intervals.

    Use technical indicators

    Traders may use technical indicators to further their understanding of the price movements of an asset by applying them to the price chart.

    To locate potential buy or sell signals, they can make use of moving averages, oscillators, Bollinger Bands, Fibonacci retracements, and other indicators.

    Confirm the signals

    Traders should seek evidence of the accuracy of the buy or sell signals that the technical indicators have supplied.

    To verify the signals and lower the possibility of false signals, they might employ intraday indicators, chart patterns, or fundamental research.

    Establish the entry and exit points

    Traders must establish the entry and exit points for trade once they have found and verified probable buy or sell signals.

    Manage their holdings, this can entail placing take-profit or stop-loss orders or employing other risk management strategies.


    Trading monitoring is important so that traders may if required, modify their positions. They can lock in gains and reduce losses using trailing stops, profit goals, and other strategies.

    Risks to Avoid in Technical Analysis

    Following are some risks to keep in mind while adopting technical analysis to make trading choices, which traders may utilize to their advantage by being aware of and taking precautions against:


    It’s vital to avoid engaging in excessive trading that is purely based on signals from the technical analysis since this might result in losses and poorer overall results.

    Confirmation bias

    Confirmation bias is the tendency of traders to simply evaluate indicators that confirm their preexisting views or prejudices rather than taking into account all correct information and following such a trading mindset can result in lost opportunities or losses.

    Not adopting suitable risk management

    When using technical analysis to make trading choices, good risk management is crucial. To prevent losses and make sure they are not taking on more risk than they can bear, traders should always utilize stop-loss orders.

    Ignoring market fundamentals

    To obtain a whole view of the market, technical analysis should be utilized in combination with fundamental analysis. Trading choices may be impacted if traders fail to pay attention to market fundamentals.

    Employing obsolete or inaccurate technical indicators

    Traders should make sure they are utilizing accurate and current technical indicators. Incorrect trading decisions may result from inaccurate indications.

    Failure to adjust to shifting market conditions

    As the market is always shifting, traders must be able to adjust to new circumstances and failure to adapt their trading strategy in response to changing market conditions might result in losses.


    It’s crucial to remember that technical analysis does not guarantee success, and traders should constantly take the risks associated with trading into account.

    To get the best result from the analysis, try to use technical analysis together with other forms of analysis, like risk management approaches and fundamental analysis, to make better and more informed trading decisions.

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